A friend of mine told me that he felt a need for a change. Without question I said cool. Change is always inviting as it keeps things interesting. Little did I know or realize he was referring to the changing of his database file name. So he issued the simple ALTER DATABASE MODIFY FILE statement and specified a new name for his database.
ALTER DATABASE AdventureWorks MODIFY FILE (NAME = AdventureWorks_data, FILENAME = 'C:Program FilesMicrosoft SQL ServerMSSQL.1MSSQLDATAAdventureWorks_data.mdf') ALTER DATABASE AdventureWorks MODIFY FILE (NAME = AdventureWorks_Log, FILENAME = 'C:Program FilesMicrosoft SQL ServerMSSQL.1MSSQLDATAAdventureWorks_log.ldf')
and in the results were
The file "AdventureWorks_data" has been modified in the system catalog. The new path will be used the next time the database is started.
The file "AdventureWorks_Log" has been modified in the system catalog. The new path will be used the next time the database is started.
So he took this message as needing to restart the SQL Server Engine Service. Which he did; however, that did not satisfy the underlying issue. After refreshing the databases he attempted to expand the db and received a nice little error indicating that the database was not accessible. Which is when I received the call.
Having experienced this myself I remembered that:
1. the database needed to be taken offline
ALTER DATABASE AdventureWorks SET OFFLINE WITH ROLLBACK IMMEDIATE
2. he would need to physically rename the files accordingly
3. bring the database back online
ALTER DATABASE AdventureWorks SET ONLINE WITH ROLLBACK IMMEDIATE
Once these steps were completed he was back in business. On a side note this permitted the changing of the file names but you can also change the actual file path location for each of the files as well using the same syntax. If you wanted to update the logical name for both the data and log file below is the syntax for doing so.
ALTER DATABASE [AdventureWorks] MODIFY FILE (NAME=N'AdWks', NEWNAME=N'AdventureWorks_data') ALTER DATABASE [AdventureWorks] MODIFY FILE (NAME=N'AdWks_log', NEWNAME=N'AdventureWorks_log')